CD process - integration with Jenkins

So far in this blog series, we have seen the CI process from a Developer and DevOps (Build/Jenkins) perspective. We have also understood the benefit of using Docker containers for consistency between developers and DevOps system.

In this blog, we will create another docker based Jenkins agent - this time for deployment of an artifact - which in my case is the static HTML version of my blog. The actual deployment step is to copy the files of my static site to an AWS S3 bucket. We could have used a plugin for AWS S3 and directly used the plugin in the Jenkins job to perform a deployment to AWS. But building a customized agent for CD (continuous deployment) gives us the ability to install more tools that might be needed in real world environments. You can install tools like Terraform and Ansible etc and use them to perform more complex tasks.

CI process - the DevOps and Jenkins perspective

So far in this blog series, we have seen the CI process from a developer perspective. We have also understood the benefit of using Docker containers for a consistent experience between developers and DevOps systems.

In this blog, I will show you how to use Jenkins as the CI system and build packages automatically. More importantly I will show you how to use the same Docker container image, as used by developers, as a Jenkins agent. This shared use of the infrastructure is important for an effective and efficient CI Process.

It is useful to remember that CI systems and processes usually kick in when developers are ready to merge their code or have already merged their code. So CI systems typically work off the master branch of the source code repository. And the CI process ends with the generation of an artifact. This artifact(s) will be the input for the CD process.

CI process - the shared perspective

In my earlier blog of the CICD Series, I have highlighted the importance of Docker containers in the CICD process. Using Docker containers, you can create a consistent development environment that can be used by software engineers as well as DevOps systems.

In this edition, I will show you how to convert a Docker container used for development, into a Jenkins agent and yet retain the same experience for the developers. The goal is to show you that developers and the CI system (Jenkins for example) can leverage shared infrastructure and steps to build, package, test, and even deploy the code. This approach reduces environmental errors while creating software products.

CI process - the developer perspective

So far in the blog series about CI/CD, we have looked at the personas involved in CI/CD and the benefits of using Docker containers to create a consistent environment for developers and Devops practices. In this blog, I will show you how I use Docker and the make utility to execute the CI related steps for my hugo based blogs. Specifically we will see how code is built and tested as a developer. Writing and publishing a new blog is similar to coding and releasing a new feature in a software product. And I will highlight the similarities in this article from the perspective of a developer.

Developer experience and CI using Docker containers

In the blog titled Understanding CI/CD Personas of the series, I highlighted the importance of providing all developers with the same environment to build and test their code. This environment should also be used in the CI systems such as Jenkins for consistent software build generation. In this blog we will see how Docker containers can be used to accomplish this. I will demonstrate how I use Docker for testing my blogs and generating the static HTML files. Note: this blog assumes that you have a basic idea about Docker.

Blog series on CI/CD

Sriram S

If you or your team is trying to adopt CI/CD and struggling to understand what CI/CD is all about, then you are not alone. CI/CD stands for Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery. In a cloud environment CD also encompasses Continuous Deployment because you deploy code as soon as it is ready. If you aspire to be agile, then you need to embrace CI/CD wholeheartedly.

I will share a couple of great articles that introduce CI/CD. Instead of me providing yet another definition, I recommend that you read these articles. But here is what I will do. Using a series of blogs, I will take you through a journey of CI and CD. I will use my blog as an example to show various technologies like Jenkins and Docker and their role in CI and CD.

Network in Hyper-scale data centers – Facebook

Sriram S
This is a guest post by Suryanarayana M N V. Having led teams working on Networking protocols, Surya has in-depth knowledge of networking. He has keen interest in the areas of Network Virtualization and NFV. A hyper-scale data center has tens of thousands of servers. How would the network be in such data centers? It need to be simple, scalable and fully automated. In this blog, I will share some insights into the network for Altoona DC of Facebook.

Linux Network Namespace – WILT

In the next installment of “What I learnt today” or WILT, I briefly touch upon Network Namespace. I came across Namespace as part of my ongoing study of OpenStack networking. Namespaces are powerful constructs in Linux that allows you to create a copy of the TCP/IP network stack -all the way from the Ethernet interfaces (L2), routing tables etc.